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Minutes

Every company shall keep Minutes of all Board and Committee Meetings in a Minutes Book. Minutes kept in accordance with the provisions of the Act evidence the proceedings recorded therein. Minutes help in understanding the deliberations and decisions taken at the Meeting.

PROCEDURE OF MAINTENANCE OF MINUTES:

  • Minutes shall be recorded in books maintained for that purpose.
  • A distinct Minutes Book shall be maintained for Meetings of the Board and each of its Committees.
  • Minutes in electronic form shall be maintained with Timestamp.
  • A company may maintain its Minutes in physical or in electronic form with Timestamp.
  • Every company shall however follow a uniform and consistent form of maintaining the Minutes. Any deviation in such form of maintenance shall be authorized by the Board.

Conditions:

  • Minutes shall not be pasted or attached to the Minutes Book, or tampered with in any manner.
  • Pages of Minutes Book:
  • The pages of the Minutes Books shall be consecutively numbered.
  • This shall be equally applicable for maintenance of Minutes Book in electronic form with Timestamp.
  • In the event any page or part thereof in the Minutes Book is left blank, it shall be scored out and initialed by the Chairman who signs the Minutes.
  • Binding of Minutes: If maintained in loose-leaf form, shall be bound periodically depending on the size and volume and coinciding with one or more financial years of the company.
  • Place of keeping of Minutes:
  • Minutes of the Board Meeting shall be kept at the Registered Office of the company or
  • At such other place as may be approved by the Board.

CONTENT OF THE MINUTES:

Content of the Minutes are divided into two parts:

General Content

  • State at Beginning: At the beginning minutes shall state the followings:
  • The serial number
  • Type of the Meeting
  • Name of the company
  • Day, date, venue and time of commencement of Meeting
  • Conclusion of the Meeting
  • Person Presents:
  • Names of the Directors present physically
  • Names of the Directors present through Electronic Mode
  • The Company Secretary who is in attendance at the Meeting Invitees, if any, (including Invitees for specific items) Important:
  • The name of the director starting with the name of the person in the Chair.
  • The names of the Directors shall be listed in alphabetical order but name of Chair at first.
  • The name of invitees in the capacity in which an Invitee attends the Meeting.
  • In case of invitee attend on behalf of entity, the name of the entity such Invitee represents and the relation, if any, of that entity to the company shall also be recorded

Specific Content

  • Record of Election of Chairman of Meeting:
  • In case there is Chairman of the Board, then that person will be Chairman of the Board Meeting.
  • If there is no Chairman of the Board, and if there is Chairman but he is absent then directors will appoint any person from themselves as Chairman of the Meeting.
  • Granting of Leave of Absence: If any director is absent and given leave of absence to Company, Chairman will record the Leave of Absence. Company should receive a Letter of “Leave of Absence “from the absent director.
  • Record Mode of Attendance of Director: Chairman will record the presence of director along with mode of presence i.e. Physical or through electronic mode.
  • Record presence of quorum: Chairman will check the quorum and record the quorum.
  • Record Detail of Director present through video conferencing: If any director will participate through then Chairman will record the following: His particulars, the location from where and the Agenda items in which he participated. This will be done by roll call. Chairman will take roll call of directors present through video commencing.
  • Noting of the Minutes of the preceding Meeting: In the Board Meeting company will take note the Minutes of last board Meeting by circulation of signed copy of minutes to all the present directors.
  • Noting the Minutes of the Meetings of the Committees: If any committee is incorporated by the Company, then in the board meeting of Director Company will take note the minutes of Committee Meeting.
  • Noting of resolution passed by circulation: If company has passed any resolution by circulation resolution then company will take noting of such resolution in the upcoming minutes. They will take note of the following:
  • The text of Resolutions
  • Recording of dissent or abstention, if any
  • If any Director has participated only for a part of the Meeting, the Agenda items in which he did not participate: If any director is interested in any resolution, then at the time of passing of that resolution mention about interest of that director.
  • Other items to be mention in Minutes:
  • Apart from the Resolution or the decision, Minutes shall mention the brief background of all proposals and summaries the deliberations thereof
  • In case of major decisions, the rationale thereof shall also be mentioned.
  • The decisions shall be recorded in the form of Resolutions where it is statutorily or otherwise required
  • In other cases, the decisions can be recorded in a narrative form.

RECORDINGS OF MINUTES:

Minutes shall contain a fair and correct summary of the proceedings of the Meeting:

  • The Company Secretary shall record the proceedings of the Meetings.
  • Where there is no Company Secretary, any other person duly authorized by the Board or by the Chairman in this behalf shall record the proceedings.
  • The Chairman shall ensure that the proceedings of the Meeting are correctly recorded.
  • Power of Exclusion:
  • The Chairman has absolute discretion to exclude from the Minutes, matters which in his opinion are or could reasonably be regarded as defamatory of any person, irrelevant or immaterial to the proceedings or which are detrimental to the interests of the company.

Minutes shall be written in clear, concise and plain language:

  • Minutes shall be written in third person and past tense.
  • Resolutions shall however be written in present tense.
  • Minutes need not be an exact transcript of the proceedings at the Meeting.

Verification of relevant Documents:

  • Any document, report or notes placed before the Board and referred to in the Minutes shall be identified by initialing of such document, report or notes by the Company Secretary or the Chairman.
  • Wherever any approval of the Board is taken on the basis of certain papers laid before the Board, proper identification shall be made by initialing of such papers by the Company Secretary or the Chairman and a reference thereto shall be made in the Minutes.

Superseded or Modified Resolution:

  • Where any earlier Resolution (s) or decision is superseded or modified, Minutes shall contain a reference to such earlier Resolution (s) or decision.

FINALIZATION OF MINUTES:

Circulation of draft Minutes:

  • Within 15 (fifteen) days from the date of the conclusion of the Meeting of the Board or the Committee, the draft Minutes thereof shall be circulated to all the directors of the Board or the committee for their comments.

Modes of circulation of draft Minutes:

  • By hand or by speed post or by registered post or by courier or by e-mail or by any other recognized electronic means.

Comments by Directors on draft minutes:

  • The Directors, whether present at the Meeting or not, shall communicate their comments, if any, in writing on the draft Minutes within 7 days from the date of circulation thereof, so that the Minutes are finalized and entered in the Minutes Book within the specified time limit of 30 days.
  • If any Director communicates his comments after the expiry of the said period of 7 days, the Chairman shall have the discretion to consider such comments.
  • In the event a Director does not comment on the draft Minutes, the draft Minutes shall be deemed to have been approved by such Director.

ENTRY IN THE MINUTES BOOK:

Time Period for Entry:

  • Minutes shall be entered in the Minutes Book within 30 days from the date of conclusion of the Meeting.
  • In case of adjourn Meeting: The Minutes in respect of the original Meeting as well as the adjourned Meeting shall be entered in the Minutes Book within 30 days from the date of the respective Meetings.

Record of Entry in Minutes Book:

  • The date of entry of the Minutes in the Minutes Book shall be recorded by the Company Secretary.
  • Where there is no Company Secretary, it shall be entered by any other person duly authorized by the Board or by the Chairman.

Record of Entry in Minutes Book:

  • Minutes, once entered in the Minutes Book, shall not be altered.
  • Any alteration in the Minutes as entered shall be made only by way of express approval of the Board at its subsequent Meeting in which such Minutes are sought to be altered.

Signing and Dating of Minutes:

  • Who is authorized to sign Minutes?
  • Minutes of the Meeting of the Board shall be signed and dated by the Chairman of the Meeting or by the Chairman of the next Meeting.
  • Minutes of the previous Meeting may be signed either by the Chairman of such Meeting at any time before the next Meeting is held or by the Chairman of the next Meeting at the next Meeting.
  • How to Sign Minutes?
  • The Chairman shall initial each page of the Minutes,
  • Chairman will sign the last page
  • The Chairman will mention Date
  • The Chairman will mention Place
  • If minutes are prepared in electronic mode then how they will get sign? If the Minutes are maintained in electronic form, the Chairman shall sign the Minutes digitally.
  • Alteration in the Minutes after Signature: Minutes, once signed by the Chairman, shall not be altered, save as mentioned in this Standard.
  • Time period for circulation of Signed Minutes: A copy of the signed Minutes certified by the Company Secretary or where there is no Company Secretary, by any Director authorized by the Board shall be circulated to all Directors within 15 days after these are signed

INSPECTION AND EXTRACTS OF MINUTES:

INSPECTION

  • Who can inspect the Minutes of Board Meeting and Committee Meeting?
  • DIRCTORS” can inspect the Minutes.
  • Company Secretary in Practice appointed by the company
  • Secretarial Auditor,
  • The Statutory Auditor
  • The Cost Auditor
  • The Internal Auditor of the company
  • Member of the Company is not entitled to inspect the Minutes Books.

EXTRACT

  • Extracts of the Minutes shall be given only after the Minutes have been duly entered in the Minutes Book.
  • Certified copies of any Resolution passed at a Meeting may be issued even earlier, if the text of that Resolution had been placed at the Meeting. {If company is passing any resolution with the reference of earlier resolution then give reference of earlier pass resolution in new resolution}.
  • Who can get the extracts of the Minutes of Board Meeting and Committee Meeting? Only “DIRCTORS” can inspect the Minutes

PRESERVATION OF MINUTE BOOKS:

Duration for Preservation:

  • Minutes books shall be preserved PERMANENTLY, whether in Physical or Electronic form.

PRESERVATION OF NOTICE/AGENDA & NOTES:

Duration of preservation:

  • Office copies of Notices, Agenda, Notes on Agenda and other related papers shall be preserved in good order in physical or in electronic form for as long as they remain current or for eight financial years, whichever is later.

How to destroy:

  • May be destroyed thereafter with the approval of the Board

CUSTODIAN OF MINUTES BOOK:

  • Company Secretary
  • Where there is no Company Secretary, Any director duly authorized by Board for the purpose. {If there is No CS, Companies required passing a Board Resolution to authorized any director of the company to preserved the Minutes Book}.

MAJOR COMPLIANCE’S RELATING TO MINUTES:

  • The Annual Report and Annual Return of a company shall disclose the Number
  • Dates of Meetings of the Board and Committees held during the financial year
  • The Annual Report and Annual Return of a company shall indicate the number of Meetings attended by each Director

FAQ on Minutes:

What is the minute book of a company?

  • The Minute Book is basically a record of the most important rules and decisions of the company. It dictates who holds what significant position within the company, what those people are allowed to do as well as what and often when they can do it. Often it proves whom is, or isn’t a shareholder.

What are the minutes of the meeting?

  • Meeting minutes keep an official account of what was done or talked about at formal meetings, including any decisions made or actions taken. They are taken during a formal meeting of the board of directors or shareholders of a corporation, such as initial and annual meetings.

What is a minute writing?

  • Minutes, also known as protocols or, informally, notes, are the instant written record of a meeting or hearing. They typically describe the events of the meeting, starting with a list of attendees, a statement of the issues considered by the participants, and related responses or decisions for the issues.

What is a minute resolution?

  • A resolution is a written document that describes the actions taken by the board of directors of a corporation. The minutes are a written document that describes actions taken and resolutions passed by the directors during a regular board meeting.

Within how many days Minutes should be kept by the Company?

  • Within 30 days of Conclusion of every such Meeting.

Whether it is required to mention name of director dissenting from any resolution?

  • The minutes shall contain the names of the directors, if any, dissenting from, or not concurring with the resolution.

Who have absolute discretion in regard to the inclusion or non inclusion of any matter in the minutes?

  • Chairman of the Company.

Whether it is mandatory form the companies to observe secretarial standards with respect to general and Board meetings?

  • YES, as per section 118(10) it is mandatory form the companies to observe secretarial standards with respect to General and Board Meetings.

Penalty under Companies Act on non Compliance of Secretarial Standard and Section 118 of Companies Act, 2013?

  • Penalty on Company25,000
    Penalty on Officer in Default5,000

Whether any approval required, If a Company makes any deviation from uniform and consistent form of Minutes?

  • Every company shall however follow a uniform and consistent form of maintaining the Minutes. Any deviation in such form of maintenance shall be AUTHORIZED BY THE BOARD.

Can minutes of Board and its committee maintained under same minute Book?

  • A distinct Minutes Book shall be maintained for Meetings of the Board and each of its Committees.

Whether minutes can be pasted or attached to the Minutes Book?

  • Minutes SHALL NOT BE pasted or attached to the Minutes Book, or tampered with in any manner.

What will be the treatment if any page of Minutes Book left blank?

  • It shall be scored out and initialed by the Chairman who signs the Minutes.

If a director cease as a director after the Meeting whether he is entitled to receive draft minutes?

  • YES, a Director, who ceases to be a Director after a Meeting of the Board is entitled to receive the draft Minutes of that particular Meeting and to offer comments thereon, irrespective of whether he attended such Meeting or not.

Who will record the proceeding of the Meetings?

  • The Company Secretary shall record the proceedings of the Meetings. Where there is no Company Secretary, any other person duly authorized by the Board or by the Chairman in this behalf shall record the proceedings.

Who have Power of Exclusion of any matters from the Minutes?

  • Chairman has Power of Exclusion of any matters from the Minutes.

Whether verification of documents relevant to resolution is necessary, if yes who will verify the same?

  • Yes, verification of documents is necessary and Company secretary or chairman will verify the same.

What is the time period of circulation of draft minutes?

  • Within 15 days of Conclusion of Board Meeting company will circulate the draft minutes to directors of the Company.

Modes of circulation of Draft Minutes?

  • By hand or by speed post or by registered post or by courier or by e-mail or by any other recognized electronic means.

If a director was not present in the meeting will be entitled to receive draft minutes of the Meeting and entitled to give his comments.

  • YES, Even if a director is not present in the Meeting will get the copy of draft minutes and will have right to comment on the same.

Time period in which director have to comment on the draft minutes.

  • Director has to comment on the draft minutes within 7 days of circulation of Draft minutes.

Who can inspect the Minutes of Board Meeting and Committee Meeting?

  • DIRCTORS” can inspect the Minutes.
  • Company Secretary in Practice appointed by the company
  • Secretarial Auditor
  • The Statutory Auditor
  • The Cost Auditor
  • The Internal Auditor of the company

If a director has resigned/removed/ceased from the directorship of the company can he inspect the Minutes books.

  • Yes, a director can inspect the minutes book even after cessation from the directorship. But “He is entitled to inspect the Minutes of the Meetings held during the period of his Directorship”.

Whether a newly appointed director can inspect the Minutes of earlier Meetings?

  • YES, a director can inspect the Minutes of a Meeting held before the period of his Directorship.

Whether a member of the company can inspect the Minutes of Board Meeting?

  • NO, a member of the company can’t inspect the Minutes of Board Meeting.

Who can get the extract of Minutes of Board Meeting?

  • Only “DIRECTORS” can Extracts the Minutes.

How long companies have to preserve its Minutes?

  • The Companies have to preserve the Minutes Books for the life time of the Company.

How long companies have to preserve its Notice/Agenda/Notes?

  • The Companies have to preserve the Notice/Agenda/notes for the period of 8 years.

Who will be the custodian of the Minutes Book?

  • Company Secretary
  • Where there is no Company Secretary, Any director duly authorized by Board for the purpose.

Whether any disclosure regarding Minutes in the Annual Report and Annual Return.

  • The Annual Report and Annual Return of a company shall disclose the
  1. Number and
  2. Dates of Meetings of the Board and Committees held during the financial

minutes

Minutes

Minutes, an instant record of a meeting or hearing that describes events of the meeting.

*(Price starting at)

500.00

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